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印度

New Delhi halts lunar mission one hour before launch
印度探月任務在倒計時階段被叫停

「月船2號」任務原定於昨日凌晨升空,飛往此前從未被探測過的月球南極。在發射前不到1小時被叫停標誌著印度成為太空強國的雄心受到打擊。

India』s ambitions to become a global space power were dealt a blow yesterday after authorities called off a high-profile lunar mission with an hour to spare.

印度成為全球太空強國的雄心昨日受到打擊。此前印度有關部門在距發射時間不到1小時前叫停了一項備受矚目的探月任務。

The Chandrayaan-2 mission had been due to set off from eastern India early yesterday to visit the moon』s previously unexplored south pole. Upon landing, a roving vehicle would have searched the surface for water and clues as to the solar system』s early development.

「月船2號」(Chandrayaan-2)任務原定於昨日凌晨從印度東部升空,飛往此前從未被探測過的月球南極。飛船在月球著陸後,一輛月球車將在月球表面搜尋水源和太陽系早期演化的線索。

But the Indian Space Research Organisation announced that the launch had been abruptly called off after its technicians discovered a problem with the rocket, and would be rescheduled at a later date.

但印度空間研究組織(Indian Space Research Organisation)宣布,在技術人員發現火箭存在問題後,發射被突然叫停,並將在稍後的日期重新安排發射。

「A technical snag was observed in launch vehicle system at one hour before the launch,」 the organisation said. 「As a measure of abundant precaution Chandrayaan-2 launch has been called off for today.」

「在發射前一小時,在運載火箭系統中發現技術故障,」該機構表示,「為了審慎起見,『月船2號』今天的發射已被取消。」

The authorities did not specify when they would announce new dates for the mission, nor was the specific issue that scuppered it made public, but analysts said it could take months to resolve.

有關部門沒有具體說明何時將宣布新的發射日期,也沒有公布導致發射失敗的具體問題,但分析人士表示,解決問題可能需要數月時間。

The delay marked a setback for India』s government, which has publicly championed its extraterrestrial ambitions in a new space race whose goals include possible human habitation of the moon. It would have been India』s first lunar mission in over a decade, after its predecessor, Chandrayaan-1, sent a probe to the moon』s surface in 2008 but did not land.

發射的推遲標誌著印度政府遭遇了一個挫折。印度政府曾公開宣稱自己在一場新的太空競賽中進軍太空的雄心,其目標包括可能的人類在月球居住。這是印度10多年來的首次探月任務。此前,「月船2號」的前身「月船1號」(Chandrayaan-1)於2008年被發射到月球表面,但沒有著陸。

Chandrayaan-2 is at the centre of India』s plans to compete with the US, Russia and China to become a global space power. Yesterday』s mission would have made India only the fourth country, after those three, to have pulled off a soft landing on the moon』s surface.

「月船2號」是印度與美國、俄羅斯和中國競爭、成為全球太空強國計劃的核心。昨日的任務本來會使印度成為繼這三個國家之後,第四個實現在月球表面軟著陸的國家。

While Chandrayaan-2 was a civilian affair, India has in recent months championed the military side of its space programme, shooting down a satellite with a missile in a test in March. Narendra Modi, the prime minister, who was gearing up for a tough re-election battle at the time, said that project cemented India』s arrival as a 「space power」.

雖然「月船2號」是民用計劃,但印度近幾個月來一直宣揚其太空計劃的軍事目標,並在今年3月的一次試驗中用導彈擊落一顆衛星。當時正準備投入艱難的連任選戰的印度總理納倫德拉•莫迪(Narendra Modi)表示,那個項目表明印度已躋身「太空強國」之列。

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