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特朗普稅單

Democrats sue White House to see Trump tax returns
民主黨人就特朗普稅單起訴白宮

民主黨人領導的眾議院籌款委員會請求聯邦法院迫使財政部交出總統的稅單,這標誌著特朗普與國會民主黨人之間的法律戰開闢一條新戰線。

Democratic lawmakers have sued the administration of Donald Trump in an effort to get their hands on the president』s tax returns, which he has refused to disclose.

為了獲得總統拒絕披露的稅單,民主黨議員們向唐納德•特朗普(Donald Trump)政府提起訴訟。

The Democrat-led House ways and means committee yesterday asked a federal court to force the Treasury department to hand over the president』s tax returns, marking a new front in the legal battles between Mr Trump and Democrats in Congress.

由民主黨人領導的眾議院籌款委員會(House Ways and Means Committee)昨日請求聯邦法院迫使財政部交出總統的稅單,這標誌著特朗普與國會民主黨人之間的法律戰又開闢了一條新的戰線。

In April, Richard Neal, the committee』s chairman, demanded six years of tax records under a law that requires the Internal Revenue Service, a Treasury unit, to hand over tax returns to his committee on request.

今年4月,該委員會主席理查德•尼爾(Richard Neal)依法要求財政部下屬的美國國稅局(IRS)交出六年的稅單。法律規定該委員會可以索取報稅記錄。

Steven Mnuchin, Treasury secretary, rejected the request and a subsequent congressional subpoena. The justice department issued an opinion in support of his decision last month, arguing that Mr Neal』s request did not serve a valid purpose.

財政部長史蒂文•姆努欽(Steven Mnuchin)拒絕了這一請求、以及國會隨後發出的一張傳票。司法部(DoJ)上月發表一份意見,支持他的決定,稱尼爾的請求沒有站得住腳的目的。

The tussle concerns questions beyond Mr Trump』s tax returns and will help define the boundaries of congressional oversight as the administration mounts a broad effort to resist Democrat-led investigations.

在特朗普政府發起廣泛努力抵制民主黨主導的調查之際,這場爭鬥涉及的問題不僅局限於特朗普的稅單,還將幫助界定國會監督的界限。

The president has vowed to fight attempts to investigate his administration and business dealings. He has sued Deutsche Bank to prevent it from complying with a congressional subpoena for his financial records and blocked current and former aides from testifying.

總統誓言要對抗調查他的政府和商業交易的企圖。他已起訴德意志銀行(Deutsche Bank),以阻止該行遵守要求交出其財務記錄的國會傳票,並阻止現任和前任助手作證。

Mr Neal announced the lawsuit yesterday in a short, matter-of-fact statement that noted the Treasury department』s failure to comply with his requests. 「Due to that non-compliance, the committee is now pursuing this matter in the federal courts,」 he said.

尼爾昨日在一份簡短且就事論事的聲明中宣布這項訴訟。聲明指出,財政部未能遵循他的請求。「由於這一不服從事件,本委員會現將這一問題提交聯邦法院審理,」他說。

He had argued Mr Trump』s personal and business tax returns were needed to conduct oversight of how the IRS was auditing the taxes of sitting presidents.

此前他辯稱,需要用特朗普的個人和企業稅單來監督IRS如何審計在任總統的稅務。

The Democrat from Massachusetts had come under pressure from his party』s base to take action to obtain Mr Trump』s returns after Democrats retook control of the House in November. The party has long sought information about Mr Trump』s taxes after he broke with decades of presidential convention by refusing to release his returns.

自去年11月民主黨奪回眾議院控制權以來,這位來自馬薩諸塞州的民主黨人一直受到黨內壓力,要求他採取行動獲得特朗普的稅單。自特朗普拒絕公布自己的稅單、打破幾十年來總統公布稅單的慣例後,民主黨一直在尋求獲得他的報稅訊息。

The Treasury department did not immediately return a request for comment on the lawsuit.

財政部沒有立即回復就這起訴訟置評的請求。

The filing in the federal district court in Washington argued that neither Mr Trump』s administration nor the courts had the right to question his stated reasons for requesting the tax returns. 「It is not for the executive or the judiciary to examine the committee』s motivations for its oversight inquiries,」 it said.

提交給華盛頓聯邦地區法院的文件辯稱,特朗普政府和法院都無權質疑尼爾在請求獲得稅單時說明的理由。「行政或司法部門無權審查本委員會進行監督調查的動機,」這份文件指出。

In June, the justice department』s Office of Legal Counsel argued that Mr Neal had not requested the returns for oversight reasons, as he stated, and said 「the true aim was to make the president』s tax returns public」.

6月,司法部法律顧問辦公室(Office of Legal Counsel)辯稱,尼爾並非像他所說的那樣,出於監管方面的原因而要求提供報稅記錄,並表示「真正的目的是公開總統的稅單」。

「In the absence of a legitimate legislative purpose, the disclosure of the president』s tax returns to the chairman was barred by [statute] and the constitution,」 the office wrote.

「在缺乏正當立法目的的情況下,向委員會主席披露總統的稅單是受到法律和憲法禁止的,」該辦公室寫道。

譯者/何黎

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