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美國中東政策

US evacuates diplomatic staff from Iraq
美國撤離駐伊拉克使領館非必要人員

此舉的背景是美國和伊朗之間緊張升溫。兩國都堅稱不希望發生戰爭,但歐洲外交官們擔心,緊張加劇可能導致「意外」衝突。

The US has ordered the departure of all non-essential staff from its diplomatic missions in Iraq, while Germany and the Netherlands suspended military training programmes in the country as tensions soar between the US and Iran.

隨著美國和伊朗之間緊張升溫,美國已下令駐伊拉克外交使團所有非必要人員撤離,而德國和荷蘭也暫停了在伊拉克的軍事訓練計劃。

The decisions follow a series of warnings by American officials over the past 10 days about unspecified 「escalatory action」 by Iran, which have been accompanied by US military deployments to the region.

在做出上述決定之前,美國官員在過去10天就未指明的伊朗「升級行動」發出一系列警告。伊朗的這些行動伴隨著美國在該地區進行軍事部署。

Both Washington and Tehran have insisted they do not want war, but European diplomats have expressed concerns that the heightened tensions could lead to an 「accidental」 conflict. 

華盛頓和德黑蘭方面都堅稱,他們不希望發生戰爭,但歐洲外交官擔心,緊張加劇可能導致「意外」衝突。

Iraq, which shares a long border with Iran, is home to Iranian-backed Shia militias and serves as a base for an estimated 5,000 US troops, who have been supporting the fight against Isis, the Sunni jihadist group.

與伊朗之間有很長邊境的伊拉克,是伊朗支持的什葉派武裝組織的大本營,同時駐紮著大約5000名美軍。這些美軍在支持打擊遜尼派聖戰組織伊斯蘭國(ISIS)的作戰。

Germany suspended its training mission with the US-led coalition fighting Isis this week because of concerns about tensions in the region, the government confirmed. The Netherlands also halted its military training with Iraqi forces due to an unspecified security threat, a spokesman for the Dutch ministry of defence said.

德國政府證實,出於對該地區緊張局勢的擔憂,已在本周暫停了與美國領頭的打擊ISIS聯盟一起訓練的任務。荷蘭國防部一名發言人表示,由於某種未指明的安全威脅,荷蘭也暫停與伊拉克部隊的軍事訓練。

A US embassy spokesperson said the state department ordered the departure of non-essential staff from its embassy in Baghdad and its consulate in Erbil on Wednesday because of 「the increased threat stream we are seeing in Iraq」.

美國大使館一名發言人表示,由於「我們在伊拉克看到的威脅不斷增加」,美國國務院周三命令駐巴格達大使館和駐埃爾比勒(Erbil)領事館的非必要工作人員撤離。

The spokesperson declined to give any details about the threat. Mike Pompeo, the US secretary of state, has also talked about the threat without providing any specifics.

這位發言人拒絕透露有關威脅的任何細節。美國國務卿邁克•蓬佩奧(Mike Pompeo)也談到了這一威脅,但沒有提供任何細節。

譯者/何黎

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