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美國

Donald Trump to withdraw US from UN Arms Trade Treaty 
特朗普:美國退出《武器貿易條約》

美國總統在全國步槍協會會議上當場簽署給參議院的函件,要求終止批準該條約的程序,並將由奧巴馬簽署的該條約交還白宮。

President Donald Trump has announced he is withdrawing the US from a UN-negotiated global arms treaty, a victory for the National Rifle Association, which had lobbied against the pact.

唐納德•特朗普(Donald Trump)總統宣布,美國將退出由聯合國談判的全球武器條約。此舉代表著美國全國步槍協會(National Rifle Association)的一個勝利,此前該協會遊說反對該條約。

「We』re taking our signature back. The United Nations will get notice that we are formally rejecting this treaty,」 Mr Trump said at a conference for the US gun lobby in Indianapolis on Friday.

「我們正在撤銷我們的簽名。聯合國將得到我們正式拒絕這項條約的通知,」特朗普周五在這個槍支遊說組織在印第安納波利斯舉行的會議上表示。

He dismissed the Arms Trade Treaty, which was signed by Barack Obama in 2013 but never ratified by Congress, as a means for the UN to exert unfair influence over US citizens.

他對由巴拉克•奧巴馬(Barack Obama)於2013年簽署、但從未得到國會批准的《武器貿易條約》(Arms Trade Treaty)表示不屑,視其為聯合國對美國公民施加不公平影響的手段。

「We will never allow foreign bureaucrats to trample on your Second Amendment freedoms. We will never ratify the UN Arms Trade Treaty. I hope you』re happy,」 Mr Trump told the NRA audience.

「我們永遠不會允許外國官僚踐踏你們的第二修正案自由。我們永遠不會批準聯合國《武器貿易條約》。我希望你們感到高興,」特朗普告訴全國步槍協會的聽眾。

The NRA has long campaigned for an end to US support for the Arms Trade Treaty, which seeks to regulate the global arms trade and keep arms out of the hands of nefarious actors.

全國步槍協會長期尋求終止美國對《武器貿易條約》的支持,該條約旨在規範全球武器貿易,使惡劣行為者得不到武器。

The treaty has about 130 signatories. While about 100 countries have ratified the treaty, more than two dozen — including the US — have signed the treaty but never ratified it.

該條約有大約130個簽署國。儘管約有100個國家批準了該條約,但仍有20多個國家(包括美國)在簽署條約之後從未批準它。

Mr Trump』s appearance at the NRA conference comes at the US president seeks to shore up support from the organisation and its supporters ahead of the 2020 election.

特朗普出席全國步槍協會會議之際,這位美國總統正尋求在2020年大選之前夯實該組織及其支持者的支持。

On stage in Indianapolis, Mr Trump signed a letter to the Senate, which he said would 「discontinue the treaty ratification process and return the now-rejected treaty right back to me in the Oval Office, where I will dispose of it」. He tossed his pen into the crowd afterwards for effect.

在印第安納波利斯會議的講台上,特朗普簽署了一封給參議院的信,稱參議院將「終止條約批準程序,將現已被拒絕的條約交還橢圓形辦公室,我將在那裡扔掉它」。為了強化效果,他隨後將簽字的筆拋向台下人群。

A US administration official said the US would officially notify the UN that it was revoking its signature from the treaty within a matter of days.

特朗普政府的一位官員表示,美國將在幾天內正式通知聯合國,它將撤銷對該條約的簽署。

Seventeen of the world』s 20 biggest arms exporters — including Russia and China — had not signed the Arms Trade Treaty, the official said. For this reason, the official argued, the pact was ineffective.

這位官員說,世界上20個最大的武器出口國中,有17個(包括俄羅斯和中國)尚未簽署《武器貿易條約》。這位官員認為,由於這一原因,該條約沒有實效。

譯者/和風

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